MAS-100010: MAS-100010; Essex; Food and Drink Serving Container; Image 1 of 8

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Unique ID: MAS-100010

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

This is a group of nine sherds of ceramic, of which six are samian ware (also called terra sigillata). Samian pottery is a mould-made, glossy red, mass-produced, fine tableware. It was first manufactured in northern Italy at the end of the 1st century BC, however by AD 43 production had moved to Gaul (France). The production of samian ware ended around AD 260.

The following interpretation is based on the photographs associated with this record. An examination of the fabric and surviving decorative elements may provide further information on the region of manufacture or production centre and the identity of the potter, which can indicate a more accurate date of production.

Images 1 & 4:

A sherd of the base of a samian vessel, form unknown. The easily legible name-stamp is that of Advocisus who worked at Lezoux (Central Gaul) c. AD 160 to AD 200.

Images 2 & 5:

Three decorated samian sherds that all appear to be from form 37 bowls and are suspected to be from Central Gaul. All three have surviving decorative elements.

Image 3:

This smaller samian base sherd was probably part of a cup form. Interestingly, it has been observed that samian cup forms are very strongly represented in the Essex region, especially at rural sites, to a degree not seen elsewhere (Willis 2004).

Image 5 (top right):

The form of this non-samian sherd suggests that it is of 1st or earlier 2nd century AD date.

Images 6 & 8:

This is a Roman jug rim that was probably made in Britain.

Image 7:

This is the rim of an imported Roman amphora. Amphora are a type of wheel-thrown container used for the transport and storage of liquids and dry products. As an inexpensive container for the transport of goods, they were broken up and discarded at their destination rather than being reused.


Samian vessels are known to occur in structured deposits associated with water, and therefore are interpreted to have played a role in the activities undertaken at such locations (Willis 2004). In some instances, in Britain, samian ware was a selected and prominent element within assemblages deposited in wells or shafts and other wet places (Willis 2004).

Class: Food preparation and consumption
Sub class: Container by function

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: With finder
Subsequent action after recording: Submitted as wreck to the Receiver of Wreck

Wreck details

Droit number: 037/17


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 100 BC
Date to: Circa AD 300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 9

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 14th September 2016

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: M F
Secondary identifier: V L

Other reference numbers

Droit ID: 037/17

Materials and construction

Primary material: Ceramic
Manufacture method: Moulded
Decoration style: Other
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ8182
Four figure Latitude: 51.50793861
Four figure longitude: 0.60677648
1:25K map: TQ8182
1:10K map: TQ88SW
Display four figure position on What3Words
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Coastal walking
Discovery circumstances: Coastal walking
Current location: With finder
General landuse: Coastland
Specific landuse: Inter-tidal

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: MAS
Created: Wednesday 28th September 2016
Updated: Thursday 13th April 2017

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